Chapter 1: Background of Forest Management Area

Entulu – Melatai FMU has a total licensed area of 63,890 ha, forming partial Baleh Protected Forest which falls inside the Baleh Hydro Project area.  The FMU area covers a total area of 55,112 ha, fallen within HOB and divided into 25 coupes.The classification of different zones of the FMU are as follows:

FMU Area (Ha) Licensed area excluded from FMU Total Licensed Area (Ha)
Salvage Logging (Baleh HEP) (Ha) Conservation Area (Ha) Total Area Excluded From FMU (Ha)
Yield Control Area 47,626 100 m Buffer Zone area for HEP 1,397 (2.2%) 1,200 8,778 63,890
Buffer Zone 326 Reservoir Buffer Zone 2,091 (3.3%)
Kerangas 393 Salvage Logging (Baleh HEP) 4,090 (6.4%)  
HCVF 700
International Buffer Zone 3,830
Terrain IV 2,237
Total 55,112   7,578 1,200 8,778 63,890
Percentage 86.2%  11.9% 1.9% 13.8% 100%


The FMU can be reached by road from Nanga Gaat, which is about 65 km upstream from Kapit Town.

The altitudes of Entulu – Melatai is ranging from 230 m at the lower hill areas to 1,800 m at highest spot at the Southwest tip above sea level next to Indonesia (Kalimantan) – Sarawak International Boundary.

The FMU is mainly covers by Terrain Class II and III, only few areas have steep dissected terrain with slope greater than 35o or Terrain Class IV which is too steep for conventional bulldozers based logging.   The region has a tropical type of climate affected by the monsoon seasons, which is generally hot, wet and humid throughout the year.

Confirmed by Bukit Mabong District Office that there is no settlement within Upper Sg. Melatai – Sg. Entulu – Sg. Entuloh area.